National Basketball Association

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National Basketball Association
Íþrótt Körfubolti
Stofnuð 1946
Fjöldi liða 30
Land Flag of the United States.svg Bandaríkin

Flag of Canada.svg Kanada

Núverandi meistarar Golden State Warriors (6 titlar)
Sigursælasta liðið Boston Celtics (17 titlar)
Opinber heimasíða www.NBA.com

National Basketball Association, sem í daglegu tali kallast NBA, er almennt talin langsterkasta atvinnumannadeild heims í körfuknattleik. Margir af bestu leikmönnum heims leika í NBA deildinni, enda samkeppnin töluvert meiri í þeirri deild en annars staðar.

Saga[breyta | breyta frumkóða]

NBA-deildin var sett á laggirnar í New York borg þann 6. júní 1946, og hét þá Basketball Association of America (BAA). Nafninu var breytt í National Basketball Association haustið 1949 eftir að nokkur lið úr National Basketball League (NBL), deild sem var í samkeppni við BAA, höfðu runnið inn í BAA.

Í deildinni voru upphaflega aðeins hvítir leikmenn og þjálfarar en hún varð fyrsta atvinnumannadeildin í Bandaríkjunum þar sem ráðinn var þeldökkur þjálfari (árið 1966), þeldökkur framkvæmdastjóri (1972), og þeldökkur meirihlutaeigandi liðs (2002).

Lið[breyta | breyta frumkóða]

Í NBA deildinni leika nú 30 lið, þar af 29 staðsett í Bandaríkjunum og eitt í Kanada. Boston Celtics er sigursælasta lið deildarinnar en það hefur unnið meistaratitilinn 17 sinnum, Lakers hefur unnið titilinn 15 sinnum og Chicago Bulls 6 sinnum.

Golden State Warriors eru núverandi meistarar en liðið lék gegn Cleveland Cavaliers í úrslitunum 2018.

Austurdeildin[breyta | breyta frumkóða]

Austurdeildin
Riðill Lið Borg, Fylki Heimavöllur Stofnað
Atlantshafs Boston Celtics Boston, Massachusetts TD Garden 1946
Brooklyn Nets Brooklyn, New York Barclays Center 1967
New York Knicks New York, New York Madison Square Garden 1946
Philadelphia 76ers Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Wells Fargo Center 1939
Toronto Raptors Toronto, Ontario, Kanada Air Canada Centre 1995
Miðju Chicago Bulls Chicago, Illinois United Center 1966
Cleveland Cavaliers

Cleveland, Ohio Quicken Loans Arena 1970
Detroit Pistons Auburn Hills, Michigan (Hjá Detriot) The Palace of Auburn Hills 1941
Indiana Pacers Indianapolis, Indiana Bankers Life Fieldhouse 1967
Milwaukee Bucks Milwaukee, Wisconsin BMO Harris Bradley Center 1968
Suðaustur Atlanta Hawks Atlanta, Georgia Philips Arena 1946
Charlotte Hornets Charlotte, North Carolina Time Warner Cable Arena 2004
Miami Heat Miami, Florida American Airlines Arena 1988
Orlando Magic Orlando, Florida Amway Arena 1989
Washington Wizards Washington, D.C. Verizon Center 1961

Vesturdeildin[breyta | breyta frumkóða]

Vesturdeildin
Riðill Lið Borg, Fylki Heimavöllur Stofnað
Suðvestur San Antonio Spurs San Antonio, Texas AT&T Center 1967
Houston Rockets Houston, Texas Toyota Center 1967
Memphis Grizzlies Memphis, Tennessee FedExForum 1995
New Orleans Pelicans New Orleans, Louisiana Smoothie King Center 1988
Dallas Mavericks Dallas, Texas American Airlines Center 1980
Norðvestur Denver Nuggets Denver, Colorado Pepsi Center 1967
Minnesota Timberwolves Minneapolis, Minnesota Target Center 1989
Oklahoma City Thunder Oklahoma City, Oklahoma Chesapeake Energy Arena 1967*
Portland Trail Blazers Portland, Oregon Moda Center 1970
Utah Jazz Salt Lake City, Utah EnergySolutions Arena 1974
Kyrrahafs Golden State Warriors Oakland, California Oracle Arena 1946
Los Angeles Clippers Los Angeles, California Staples Center 1970
Los Angeles Lakers Los Angeles, California Staples Center 1946
Phoenix Suns Phoenix, Arizona US Airways Center 1968
Sacramento Kings Sacramento, California Sleep Train Arena 1945
  • * Oklahoma City Thunder hét Seattle SuperSonics allt til enda tímabilsins 2007-2008

Titlar[breyta | breyta frumkóða]

Lið Titlar Ár Meistaratitils
Boston Celtics 17 1957, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1968, 1969, 1974, 1976, 1981, 1984, 1986, 2008
Minneapolis/Los Angeles Lakers 16 1949, 1950, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1972, 1980, 1982, 1985, 1987, 1988, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2009, 2010
Chicago Bulls 6 1991, 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 1998
Philadelphia/Golden State Warriors 6 1947, 1956, 1975, 2015, 2017, 2018
San Antonio Spurs 5 1999, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2014
Miami Heat 3 2006, 2012, 2013
Syracuse Nationals/Philadelphia 76ers 3 1955, 1967, 1983
Detroit Pistons 3 1989, 1990, 2004
New York Knicks 2 1970, 1973
Houston Rockets 2 1994, 1995
Baltimore Bullets 1 1948
Rochester Royals/Sacramento Kings 1 1951
St. Louis/Atlanta Hawks 1 1958
Milwaukee Bucks 1 1971
Portland Trail Blazers 1 1977
Washington Bullets/Wizards 1 1978
Seattle SuperSonics 1 1979
Dallas Mavericks 1 2011
Cleveland Cavaliers 1 2016

Stigahæstu leikmenn frá upphafi[breyta | breyta frumkóða]

Uppfært síðast í apríl 2018.

  1. Kareem Abdul-Jabbar: 38.387
  2. Karl Malone: 36.928
  3. Kobe Bryant: 33.643
  4. Michael Jordan: 32.292
  5. Wilt Chamberlain: 31.419
  6. Dirk Nowitzki: 31.164
  7. LeBron James: 30.898
  8. Shaquille O'Neal: 28.596
  9. Moses Malone: 27.409
  10. Elvin Hayes: 27.313
  11. Hakeem Olajuwon: 26.946
  12. Oscar Robertson: 26.710
  13. Dominique Wilkins: 26.668
  14. Tim Duncan: 26.496
  15. Paul Pierce: 26.397
  16. John Havlicek: 26.395
  17. Kevin Garnett: 26.071
  18. Alex English: 25.613
  19. Carmelo Anthony: 25.346
  20. Reggie Miller: 25.279
  21. Jerry West: 25.192
  22. Vince Carter: 24.843
  23. Patrick Ewing: 24.815
  24. Ray Allen: 24.505
  25. Allen Iverson: 24.368
  26. Charles Barkley: 23.757
  27. Robert Parish: 23.334
  28. Adrian Dantley: 23.177
  29. Elgin Baylor: 23.149
  30. Clyde Drexler: 22.195
  31. Dwyane Wade: 22.047
  32. Gary Payton: 21.813
  33. Larry Bird: 21.791
  34. Hal Greer: 21.586
  35. Walt Bellamy: 20.941
  36. Bob Pettit: 20.880
  37. David Robinson: 20.790
  38. Kevin Durant: 20.752
  39. Pau Gasol: 20.740
  40. George Gervin: 20.708
  41. Mitch Richmond: 20.497
  42. Joe Johnson: 20,381
  43. Tom Chambers: 20.049
  44. Antawn Jamison: 20.042
  45. John Stockton: 19.711
  46. Bernard King: 19.655
  47. Clifford Robinson: 19.591
  48. Walter Davis: 19.521
  49. Terry Cummings: 19.460
  50. Bob Lanier: 19.248
  • Feitletrað: Leikmenn sem enn spila

Heimildir[breyta | breyta frumkóða]