Stephen King

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Stephen King
Stephen King
Dulnefni: Richard Bachman
John Swithen
Fædd(ur): 21. september 1947 (1947-09-21) (68 ára)
Fáni Bandaríkjana Portland, Maine, Bandaríkin
Starf/staða: Skáldsagnahöfundur
Smásagnahöfundur
Handritshöfundur
Greinahöfundur
Leikstjóri
Þjóðerni: Fáni Bandaríkjana Bandarískur
Tegundir bókmennta: Hryllingsskáldsögur
Fantasíur
Vísindaskáldsögur
Undir áhrifum frá: Robert Bloch, Ray Bradbury, William Golding, Shirley Jackson, Fritz Leiber, H.P. Lovecraft, Richard Matheson, John D. MacDonald, Edgar Allan Poe, J. R. R. Tolkien, Stanley G. Weinbaum, Robert Browning (Dark Tower), Daphne du Maurier (Bag of Bones)
Var áhrifavaldur: Bentley Little, Dean Koontz, Scott Sigler
Heimasíða: Opinber heimasíða

Stephen Edwin King (f. 21. september 1947) er bandarískur rithöfundur.

Stephen King hefur skrifað smásögur, framhaldssögur en þó aðallega skáldsögur og þar má helst nefna bækur eins og Græna mílan, The Shining, It og Misery.

Ævi[breyta | breyta frumkóða]

Á sínum ungu árum[breyta | breyta frumkóða]

Stephen King fæddist í Portland, Maine í Bandaríkjunum. Foreldrar hans voru Donald Edwin King og Nellie Ruth Pillsbury. Eldri bróðir King er David King en hann var ættleiddur strax við fæðingu árið 1945. Donald, faðir King, sagði skyndilega skilið við konu sína eitt kvöldið þegar King var aðeins tveggja ára .[1]

Leiðin til frægðar[breyta | breyta frumkóða]

Fyrsta skáldsaga King var Carrie sem samnefnd kvikmynd var gerð eftir. Skáldsöguna sendi hann til Doubleday sem launuðu honum með $2,500 fyrirframgreiðslu auk þess sem King fékk helming hagnaðarins af bókinni, sem nam $400,000. Stuttu eftir útgáfu bókarinnar lést móðir hans úr krabbameini.

Verk[breyta | breyta frumkóða]

Skáldsögur[breyta | breyta frumkóða]

Íslenskur titill Upprunalegur Titill Útgáfudagur Blaðsíður Athugasemdir
Carrie April 5, 1974 199
Salem's Lot October 17, 1975 439 World Fantasy Award nominee, 1976[2]
Duld The Shining (novel) January 28, 1977 447 Locus Award nominee, 1978[3]
Rage September 13, 1977 211 sem Richard Bachman
The Stand September 1978 823 Original edition
World Fantasy and Locus Award nominee, 1979[3][4]
The Long Walk July 1979 384 sem Richard Bachman
The Dead Zone (novel) August 1979 428 Locus Award nominee, 1980[5]
Eldvakinn Firestarter September 29, 1980 426 British Fantasy and Locus Award nominee, 1981[3][6]
Roadwork March 1981 274 sem Richard Bachman
Cujo September 8, 1981 319 British Fantasy Award winner, 1982[7]
Locus Award nominee, 1982[3]
The Running Man (novel) May 1982 219 sem Richard Bachman
The Dark Tower: The Gunslinger June 10, 1982 224
Christine April 29, 1983 526 Locus Award nominee, 1984[3]
Dýrakirkjugarðurinn Pet Sematary November 14, 1983 374 World Fantasy and Locus Award nominee, 1984[3][8]
Cycle of the Werewolf November 1983 127 Myndskreytt af Bernie Wrightson
The Talisman (King & Straub novel) November 8, 1984 646 Written with Peter Straub
World Fantasy and Locus Awards nominee, 1985[9]
Visnaðu Thinner November 19, 1984 309 sem Richard Bachman
It September 15, 1986 1138 British Fantasy Award winner, 1987;[10]
Locus and World Fantasy Awards nominee, 1987[10]
The Eyes of the Dragon February 2, 1987 326
The Dark Tower II: The Drawing of the Three May 1987 400 Locus Award nominee, 1988[3]
Eymd Misery June 8, 1987 310 Bram Stoker Award winner, 1987;[10]
World Fantasy Award nominee, 1988[11]
The Tommyknockers November 10, 1987 558 Locus Award nominee, 1988[3]
The Dark Half October 20, 1989 431 Locus Award nominee, 1990[3]
The Dark Tower III: The Waste Lands August 1991 512 Bram Stoker and Locus Award nominee, 1991[3][12]
Needful Things October 1991 690 Bram Stoker and Locus Award nominee, 1991[3][12]
Gerald's Game May 1992 352
Dolores Claiborne November 1992 305 Locus Award nominee, 1993[3]
Insomnia September 15, 1994 787 Bram Stoker and Locus Award nominee, 1994[3][13]
Rose Madder June 1995 420 Locus Award nominee, 1996[3]
Græna Mílan The Green Mile (novel) March–August 1996 400 Bram Stoker Award winner, 1996[14]
Locus Award nominee, 1997[3]
Desperation September 24, 1996 704 Twin novel of The Regulators
Locus Award winner, 1997[3]
The Regulators (novel) September 24, 1996 480 sem Richard Bachman, twin novel of Desperation
The Dark Tower IV: Wizard and Glass November 4, 1997 787 Locus Award nominee, 1998[15]
Bag of Bones September 22, 1998 529 Bram Stoker Award winner, 1998;[15]
British Fantasy and Locus Award winner, 1999[3][16]
The Girl Who Loved Tom Gordon April 6, 1999 224
Dreamcatcher March 20, 2001 620
Black House September 15, 2001 625 Framhald af The Talisman
Skrifuð með Peter Straub
Bram Stoker and Locus Award nominee, 2001[3][17]
8 Gata Buick From a Buick 8 September 24, 2002 368 Bram Stoker Award nominee, 2002[18]
The Dark Tower V: Wolves of the Calla November 4, 2003 714 Bram Stoker Award nominee, 2003;[19]
Locus Award nominee, 2004[20]
The Dark Tower VI: Song of Susannah June 8, 2004 432 Locus Award nominee, 2005[21]
The Dark Tower VII: The Dark Tower September 21, 2004 845 British Fantasy Award winner, 2005[21]
Bram Stoker Award nominee, 2004[20]
The Colorado Kid October 4, 2005 184
Cell January 24, 2006 351
Lisey's Story October 24, 2006 528 Bram Stoker Award winner, 2006;[22]
World Fantasy and Locus Award nominee, 2007[3][23]
Blaze June 12, 2007 304 sem Richard Bachman
Duma Key January 22, 2008 607 Bram Stoker Award winner, 2008[24]
Under the Dome November 10, 2009 1074 British Fantasy and Locus Award nominee, 2010[3][25]
11/22/63 November 8, 2011 849 British Fantasy, Locus and World Fantasy Awards nominee, 2012[26]
The Dark Tower: The Wind Through the Keyhole February 21, 2012 336 The eighth Dark Tower novel, but chronologically set between the fourth and fifth volumes.
Joyland June 4, 2013 288
Doctor Sleep September 24, 2013 531 Sequel to The Shining
Bram Stoker Award Winner 2013
Mr. Mercedes June 3, 2014 436 Fyrsta bókin í Bill Hodges Trilogy
Edgar Award Winner 2014
Revival November 11, 2014 403
Finders Keepers June 2, 2015 434 Önnur bókin í Bill Hodges Trilogy
End of Watch June 7, 2016 496 Enn óútgefin; þriðja bókin í Bill Hodges Trilogy

Söfn[breyta | breyta frumkóða]

Titill Útgáfudagur Blaðsíður Athugassemdir
Night Shift February 1978 336 World Fantasy and Locus Award nominee, 1979[3]
Different Seasons August 27, 1982 527 World Fantasy and Locus Award nominee, 1983[27]
Skeleton Crew June 21, 1985 512 Locus Award winner, 1986[3]
World Fantasy Award nominee, 1986[28]
The Bachman Books October 4, 1985 692
Four Past Midnight September 1990 763 Bram Stoker Award winner, 1990[29]
Locus Award nominee, 1991[3]
Nightmares & Dreamscapes September 29, 1993 816 Bram Stoker and Locus Award nominee, 1993[3][30]
Hearts in Atlantis September 14, 1999 528 Bram Stoker, British Fantasy, Locus and World Fantasy Award nominee, 2000[3]
Everything's Eventual March 19, 2002 464 Bram Stoker, British Fantasy and Locus Award nominee, 2002[3][18]
Just After Sunset November 11, 2008 367 Bram Stoker Award winner, 2008[24]
British Fantasy Award nominee, 2009[3]
Full Dark, No Stars November 9, 2010 368 Bram Stoker Award winner, 2010[25]
British Fantasy Award winner, 2011[31]
The Bazaar of Bad Dreams November 3, 2015 495

Ekki skáldsögur[breyta | breyta frumkóða]

Titill Útgáfudagur Blaðsíður Athugasemdir
Danse Macabre April 20, 1981 400 Hugo and Locus Award winner, 1982[3][32]
Nightmares in the Sky November 1988 128 Photographed by f-stop Fitzgerald
On Writing October 3, 2000 288 Bram Stoker and Locus Award winner, 2000[3][33]
Secret Windows October 2000 433
Faithful December 2, 2004 432 Written with Stewart O'Nan

E-bækur[breyta | breyta frumkóða]

Titill Útgáfudagur Safnað Athugasemdir
Riding the Bullet March 14, 2000 Everything's Eventual (2002) Bram Stoker Award nominee, 2000[33]
The Plant December 2000 Unfinished
Ur February 12, 2009 The Bazaar of Bad Dreams (2015)
Mile 81 September 1, 2011 The Bazaar of Bad Dreams (2015)
A Face in the Crowd (novella) August 21, 2012 Uncollected Written with Stewart O'Nan

Aðrar[breyta | breyta frumkóða]

Titill Útgáfudagur Blaðsíður Athugasemdir
Creepshow July 1982 64 Illustrated by Bernie Wrightson
The Stand#The Complete & Uncut Edition May 1990 1153 Locus Award nominee, 1991[3]
Six Stories 1997 199 Limited edition (1100 copies); collected in Everything's Eventual (2002)
Blood and Smoke November 22, 1999 Original audiobook; collected in Everything's Eventual (2002)
The Dark Tower: The Gunslinger#Revised and Expanded edition July 1, 2003 256
Stephen King Goes to the Movies January 20, 2009 592 Contains five previously collected short stories.
American Vampire March 2010 200 Written with Scott Snyder and illustrated by Rafael Albuquerque
Blockade Billy April 20, 2010 112 Collected in The Bazaar of Bad Dreams (2015)
Guns January 25, 2013 25 Non-fiction essay
Ghost Brothers of Darkland County June 4, 2013 110

Sjá einnig[breyta | breyta frumkóða]

Tilvísanir[breyta | breyta frumkóða]

  1. http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0000175/bio
  2. „1976 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Skoðað 2009-07-22.
  3. 3,00 3,01 3,02 3,03 3,04 3,05 3,06 3,07 3,08 3,09 3,10 3,11 3,12 3,13 3,14 3,15 3,16 3,17 3,18 3,19 3,20 3,21 3,22 3,23 3,24 3,25 3,26 3,27 3,28 3,29 „King, Stephen". The LOCUS Index to SF Awards. Skoðað 2015-02-10.
  4. „1979 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Skoðað 2009-07-22.
  5. „1980 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Skoðað 2009-07-22.
  6. „1981 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Skoðað 2009-07-22.
  7. „1982 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Skoðað 2009-07-22.
  8. „1984 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Skoðað 2009-07-22.
  9. „1985 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Skoðað 2009-07-22.
  10. 10,0 10,1 10,2 „1987 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Skoðað 2009-07-22.
  11. „1988 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Skoðað 2009-07-22.
  12. 12,0 12,1 „1991 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Skoðað 2013-10-22.
  13. „1994 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Skoðað 2013-10-22.
  14. „1996 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Skoðað 2013-10-22.
  15. 15,0 15,1 „1998 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Skoðað 2009-07-22.
  16. „1999 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Skoðað 2009-07-22.
  17. „2001 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Skoðað 2013-10-22.
  18. 18,0 18,1 „2002 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Skoðað 2013-10-22.
  19. „2003 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Skoðað 2013-10-22.
  20. 20,0 20,1 „2004 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Skoðað 2009-07-22.
  21. 21,0 21,1 „2005 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Skoðað 2009-07-22.
  22. „2006 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Skoðað 2013-10-22.
  23. „2007 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Skoðað 2009-07-22.
  24. 24,0 24,1 „2008 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Skoðað 2013-10-22.
  25. 25,0 25,1 „2010 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Skoðað 2013-10-17.
  26. „2012 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Skoðað 2013-10-17.
  27. „1983 World Fantasy Awards". The LOCUS Index to SF Awards. Skoðað 2015-02-10.
  28. „1986 World Fantasy Awards". The LOCUS Index to SF Awards. Skoðað 2015-02-10.
  29. „1990 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Skoðað 2013-10-22.
  30. „1993 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Skoðað 2013-10-22.
  31. „2011 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Skoðað 2013-10-17.
  32. „1982 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Skoðað 2009-09-11.
  33. 33,0 33,1 „2000 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Skoðað 2013-10-22.

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