Listi yfir kartöflusjúkdóma og skemmdir

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1 Þetta er listi yfir sjúkdóma og skemmdir í kartöflum

Bakterísusjúkdómar[breyta | breyta frumkóða]

Bakteríusjúkdómar
Mynd Íslenskt nafn Fræðiheiti sjúkdómsvalds Athugasemdir
Ralstonia solanacearum symptoms.jpg

Ralstonia solanacearum
Pseudomonas solanacearum

Blackleg of Potato Stem Wilt.png

Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. atrosepticum
Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica
Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum
E. carotovora subsp. carotovora
Pectobacterium chrysanthemi
Snið:= E. chrysanthemi

Dickeya solani Dickeya solani [1]
Pseudomonas fluorescens on TY agar (UV light).JPG Pseudomonas fluorescens
Hringrot

Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus
Corynebacterium sepedonicum

Common scab on potato.jpg

Streptomyces scabiei
S. scabies
Streptomyces acidiscabies
Streptomyces turgidiscabies

Zebra chip crisps.png = Psyllid yellows?

'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum'

Sveppasjúkdómar[breyta | breyta frumkóða]

Sveppasjúkdómar
Mynd Íslenskt nafn Fræðiheiti sjúkdómsvalds Athugasemdir

Colletotrichum coccodes
Colletotrichum atramentarium

Alternariaalternata.jpg

Alternaria alternata
Alternaria tenuis

Mycovellosiella concors
Cercospora concors
Cercospora solani
Cercospora solani-tuberosi

Macrophomina phaseolina.jpg

Macrophomina phaseolina
Sclerotium bataticola

Choanephora cucurbitarum02.jpg

Choanephora cucurbitarum

Puccinia pittieriana

Aecidium cantensis

Alternaria solani - leaf lesions.jpg Blettaveiki

Alternaria solani

Fusarium solani (Mart.) Sacc. 5393379.jpg Fusarium þurrot

Fusarium spp.
Gibberella pulicaris
Fusarium solani
Aðrar Fusarium spp. telja:
Fusarium avenaceum
Fusarium oxysporum
Fusarium culmorum
Óalgengari Fusarium spp. telja:
Fusarium acuminatum
Fusarium equiseti
Fusarium crookwellense

K7725-1-sm.jpg Fusarium spp.

Fusarium avenaceum
Fusarium oxysporum
Fusarium solani f.sp. eumartii

Gangrene

Phoma solanicola f. foveata
Phoma foveata
Phoma exigua var. foveata
Phoma exigua f. sp. foveata
Phoma exigua var. exigua

Botrytis-rot op appel Goudreinet (Botryotinia fuckeliana).jpg Grásveppur

Botrytis cinerea
Botryotinia fuckeliana [teleomorph]

Phytophtora infestans-effects.jpg Kartöflumygla

Phytophthora infestans[2]

Pythium (257 23).jpg

Pythium spp.
Pythium ultimum var. ultimum
Pythium debaryanum
Pythium aphanidermatum
Pythium deliense

Phoma leafspot

Phoma andigena var. andina

Black Shank on Tobacco Stem.jpg

Phytophthora spp.
Phytophthora cryptogea
Phytophthora drechsleri
Phytophthora erythroseptica
Phytophthora megasperma
Phytophthora nicotianae var. parasitica

Erysiphe.cichoracearum.-.lindsey.jpg

Erysiphe cichoracearum

Sporosori.jpg Vörtukláði

Spongospora subterranea f.sp. subterranea

Rhizoctonia hyphae 160X.png Rótarflókasveppur

Rhizoctonia solani

Rhizoctonia hyphae 160X.png

Thanatephorus cucumeris [kynæxlunarstig]

Rosellinia mammiformis 197074.jpg

Rosellinia sp.
Dematophora sp. [myglustig]

Septoria lycopersici var. malagutii

Solanum tuberosum 'Nicola', aardappel.jpg

Helminthosporium solani

Polyscytalum pustulans

Sclerotium rolfsii
Athelia rolfsii [kynæxlunarstig]

Angiosorus solani
Thecaphora solani

Ulocladium atrum

Verticillium albo-atrum
Verticillium dahliae

Synchytridium endobioticum.jpg

Synchytrium endobioticum

Hnúðmygla

Sclerotinia sclerotiorum

Vírussjúkdómar[breyta | breyta frumkóða]

Vírussjúkdómar
Mynd Íslenskt nafn, en enskt nafn notað þar til íslenskt er komið Fræðiheiti sjúkdómsvalds Athugasemdir
Alfalfa-mósaíkvírus genus Alfamovirus, Alfalfa-mósaíkvírus (AMV)
Andean potato latent virus genus Tymovirus, Andean potato latent virus (APLV)
Andean potato mottle virus genus Comovirus, Andean potato mottle virus (APMV)
Arracacha vírus B - Oca strain genus Nepovirus, Arracacha vírus B Oca strain (AVB-O)
Beet curly top virus genus Curtovirus, Beet curly top virus (BCTV)
Melónu-mósaíkvírus genus Cucumovirus, Melónu-mósaíkvírus (CMV)
Eggplant mottle dwarf virus genus Rhabdovirus, Eggplant mottle dwarf virus (EMDV)
Potato aucuba mosaic virus genus Potexvirus, Potato aucuba mosaic virus (PAMV)
Potato black ringspot virus genus Nepovirus, Potato black ringspot virus (PBRSV)
Potato deforming mosaic virus genus Geminiviridae Potato deforming mosaic virus subgroup III, (PDMV)
Potato latent virus genus Carlavirus, Potato latent virus (PLV)
Potato leafroll virus genus Luteovirus, Potato leafroll virus (PLRV)
Potato mop-top virus (spraing of tubers) genus Furovirus, Potato mop-top virus (PMTV)
Potato rugose mosaic genus Potyvirus, Potato virus Y (PVY, strains O, N and C)
Potato stem mottle (spraing of tubers) genus Tobravirus, Tobacco rattle virus (TRV)
Potato spindle tuber Potato spindle tuber viroid (PSTVd)
Potato yellow dwarf virus genus Nucleorhabdovirus, Potato yellow dwarf virus (PYDV)
Potato yellow mosaic virus genus Geminiviridae, Potato yellow mosaic virus (PYMV); subgroup III
Potato yellow vein virus Potato yellow vein virus (PYVV)
Potato yellowing virus genus Alfamovirus, Potato yellowing virus (PYV)
Kartöfluvírus A genus Potyvirus, Kartöfluvírus A (PVA)
Kartöfluvírus M genus Carlavirus, Kartöfluvírus M (PVM)
Kartöfluvírus S genus Carlavirus, Kartöfluvírus S (PVS)
Kartöfluvírus T genus Trichovirus, Kartöfluvírus T
Kartöfluvírus U genus Nepovirus, Kartöfluvírus U (PVU)
Kartöfluvírus V genus Potyvirus, Kartöfluvírus V (PVV)
Kartöfluvírus X genus Potexvirus, Kartöfluvírus X (PVX)
Kartöfluvírus Y genus Potyvirus, Kartöfluvírus Y (PVY)
Solanum apical leaf curling virus Geminiviridae, Solanum apical leaf curling virus (SALCV) subgroup III
Sowbane mosaic virus genus Sobemovirus, Sowbane mosaic virus (SoMV)
Tóbaksmósaík-vírus genus Tobamovirus (TMV)
Tobacco necrosis virus genus Necrovirus, Tobacco necrosis virus (TNV)
Tobacco rattle virus genus Tobravirus, Tobacco rattle virus (TRV)
Tobacco streak virus genus Ilarvirus, Tobacco streak virus (TSV)
Tomato black ring virus genus Nepovirus, Tomato black ring virus (ToBRV)
Tómatmósaík-vírus genus Tobamovirus (ToMV)
Tomato spotted wilt virus genus Tospovirus, Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV)
Tomato yellow mosaic virus genus Geminiviridae, Tomato yellow mosaic virus (ToYMV) subgroup III
Wild potato mosaic virus genus Potyvirus, Wild potato mosaic virus (WPMV)

Þráðormar[breyta | breyta frumkóða]

Nematode parasitic
Mynd Íslenskt nafn Fræðiheiti sjúkdómsvalds Athugasemdir
Kartöfluhnúðormur

Globodera rostochiensis
Globodera pallida

Lesion nematode

Pratylenchus spp.
Pratylenchus brachyurus
Pratylenchus penetrans
Aðrar tegundir eru:
Pratylenchus scribneri
Pratylenchus neglectus
Pratylenchus thornei
Pratylenchus crenatus
Pratylenchus andinus
Pratylenchus vulnus
Pratylenchus coffeae

Potato rot nematode

Ditylenchus destructor

Root knot nematode

Meloidogyne spp.
Meloidogyne hapla
Meloidogyne incognita
Meloidogyne javanica
Meloidogyne chitwoodi

Sting nematode

Belonolaimus longicaudatus

Stubby-root nematode

Paratrichodorus spp.
Trichodorus spp.

Phytoplasmal diseases[breyta | breyta frumkóða]

Phytoplasmal diseases
Mynd Íslenskt nafn Fræðiheiti sjúkdómsvalds Athugasemdir
Aster yellows Aster yellows group of phytoplasmas
Nornavendir Witches’ broom phytoplasma
BLTVA The beet leafhopper-transmitted virescence agent

Ýmsir sjúkdómar og skemmdir[breyta | breyta frumkóða]

Ýmsir sjúkdómar og skemmdir
Mynd Íslenskt nafn Athugasemdir
Hnýði á stönglum Phytoplasma sýking eða hvað sem dregur úr æringarflæði stönguls, þar á meðal Rhizoctonia sýking, hitarot, skemmdir vegna efna, skemmdir vegna núnings og fleira.
Loftmengunarskemmdir Photochemical oxidants (aðallega ozón), brennisteinsoxíð
Svartkjarnamyndun Súrefnisskortur innst í hnýði
Mar Vegna nudds, eða þrýstings
Elephant hide Grófara hýði vegna núnings eða efna í umhverfi
Praza Pública Couza guatemalteca.jpg Of hraður vöxtur hnýðis getur valdið holrými
Brún miðja = hitarot Súrefnisskortur ásamt háum jarðvegshita
Jelly end rot Carbohydrate translocation due to second growth
Upprúlluð blöð Viðbragð við óhagstæðu umhverfi, t.d. þurrki
Psyllid yellows Eitrað munnvatn úr skortítunni , Paratrioza cockerelli
Sprungumar Vélarskemmdir á hnýði
Opperdoezer Ronde.jpg Skemmdir á hýði
Brúnir stöngulendar Nákvæm orsök óþekkt, efnaskaði, vírus eða annað smit.
Aardappel groene knollen (Solanum tuberosum).jpg Grænar kartöflur Kartaflan hefur verið í ljósi Verður eitruð vegna Sólaníns

Tilvísanir[breyta | breyta frumkóða]

  1. William Surman (19. ágúst 2010). „Major new disease threat to potatoes“. Farmers Guardian / UBM Information Ltd. Afrit af upprunalegu geymt þann 18 March 2012. Sótt 26. júlí 2011.
  2. Nowicki, Marcin; og fleiri (17. ágúst 2011), Potato and tomato late blight caused by Phytophthora infestans: An overview of pathology and resistance breeding, Plant Disease, ASP, doi:10.1094/PDIS-05-11-0458, sótt 30. ágúst 2011

Ytri tenglar[breyta | breyta frumkóða]

  • Sparks, Adam; Kennelly, Megan (May 2008). „Common Scab of Potato“ (PDF). Kansas State University Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service. Sótt 6. janúar 2018.